As you do your research, keep a list of all the sources that you use. You need to record specific information for each source – this is called the citation.

Here are some examples:

  • Book – Author, Title of Book, Place of Publication, Date of Publication
  • Journal Article – Author, Title of Article, Title of Journal, Volume, Issue No, Page numbers
  • Website – Author (if available), Date, Title of the source, Retrieval information

Keeping a record of these details will help you to find the source again if you need to refer to it, and will also form the basis of your reference list.

Want more information on writing a citation?  Check out our Reference Elements  Guide  – you can download or print it.