As you do your research, keep a list of all the sources that you use. You need to record specific information for each source – this is called the citation.

Here are some examples:

  • Book – Author, Title of Book, Place of Publication, Date of Publication
  • Journal Article – Author, Title of Article, Title of Journal, Volume, Issue No, Page numbers
  • Website – Author (if available), Date, Title of the source, Retrieval information

Keeping a record of these details will help you to find the source again if you need to refer to it, and will also form the basis of your reference list.